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Three scientists share 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Three scientists share 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine

Stockholm, Oct 5 (UNI) Three scientists have shared 2020 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, the Nobel committee announced here on Monday.
The committee, in a statement, said that this year’s Nobel Prize is awarded to three scientists who have made a decisive contribution to the fight against blood-borne hepatitis, a major global health problem that causes cirrhosis and liver cancer in people around the world.
Harvey J Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M Rice made seminal discoveries that led to the identification of a novel virus, Hepatitis C virus. Prior to their work, the discovery of the Hepatitis A and B viruses had been critical steps forward, but the majority of blood-borne hepatitis cases remained unexplained. The discovery of Hepatitis C virus revealed the cause of the remaining cases of chronic hepatitis and made possible blood tests and new medicines that have saved millions of lives.
Liver inflammation, or hepatitis, a combination of the Greek words for liver and inflammation, is mainly caused by viral infections, although alcohol abuse, environmental toxins and autoimmune disease are also important causes.
The Nobel Laureates’ discovery of Hepatitis C virus is a landmark achievement in the ongoing battle against viral diseases. "Thanks to their discovery, highly sensitive blood tests for the virus are now available and these have essentially eliminated post-transfusion hepatitis in many parts of the world, greatly improving global health. Their discovery also allowed the rapid development of antiviral drugs directed at hepatitis C. For the first time in history, the disease can now be cured, raising hopes of eradicating Hepatitis C virus from the world population", the committee said.
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Bangladesh adds 20 more deaths, 1,441 new cases of COVID-19

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Hurricane Delta , Trump declares state of emergency in Louisiana

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Washington, Oct 8 (UNI) US President Donald Trump has approved the emergency declaration in the state of Louisiana over the hurricane Delta, the White House said.

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Jordan's king appoints new PM

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Pence, Harris take stage for US vice presidential debate

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